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Posts about croupier (old posts, page 1)

Hace release v0.1.1 is out

A new release of Hacé my make-like tool backed by Croupier is out!

First ac­tu­al re­lease. While the tool is not fea­ture com­plete by any mean­s,
it does some stuff and what it does it seems to do well.

For de­tails on what it can and can't do, see the
README.

New Project: Hacé, like Make but lame

Since my dataflow li­brary Croupi­er is sort-of-­func­tion­al, I need­ed a project where I could ex­er­cise it.

This is im­por­tan­t, be­cause it's how you know if the de­sign of a li­brary is good, ex­ten­si­ble, and so on.

So, I de­cid­ed to write a min­i­mal make-­like-thing.

Well, good news, that was easy!

In about 50 lines of code I could write a thing that will run shell com­mands in a de­pen­den­cy dataflow!

It's called Hacé (don't both­er about how to pro­nounce it, I don't care) which is "im­per­a­tive make, sec­ond per­son sin­gu­lar" in ar­gen­tini­an span­ish, so it's an or­der to make.

I will spend a week or two mak­ing it in­to some­thing semi-use­ful, since it has some ad­van­tages over Make­files, such as re­act­ing to file con­tent and not file date, but its des­tiny is prob­a­bly just to be a test­bed for Croupi­er.

Croupier releases happened

A few re­leas­es of my Crys­tal task/­dataflow li­brary Croupi­er have gone out.

The main top­ic of work has been:

  • In­crease code qual­i­ty (I am still learn­ing the lan­guage af­ter al­l)
  • Make the API rea­son­able
  • Re­move re­stric­tions

On the lat­ter sub­jec­t, Croupi­er will now hap­pi­ly han­dle tasks with ze­ro or many in­put­s, with ze­ro or many out­put­s, or task that share some or all of their out­put­s, even if their in­puts dif­fer.

In all those cas­es it will try to Do The Right Thing, but it is ar­guable whether it does or not.

So, the API and what it can do is chang­ing of­ten. How­ev­er the ex­am­ple in the README on­ly need­ed one change from the first re­lease to now (be­cause it's pret­ty sim­ple)

I know no­body is ev­er go­ing to use it, it's a niche li­brary in a niche lan­guage, but I am hav­ing fun writ­ing it, and the con­cepts are quite wide­ly ap­pli­ca­ble, so it's ed­u­ca­tion­al.

New project: croupier

Intro to Dataflow Programming

This post is about ex­plain­ing a new pro­jec­t, called Croupi­er, which is a li­brary for dataflow pro­gram­ming.

What is that? It's a pro­gram­ming par­a­digm where you don't spec­i­fy the se­quence in which your code will ex­e­cute.

In­stead, you cre­ate a num­ber of "tasks", de­clare how the da­ta flows from one task to an­oth­er, pro­vide the ini­tial da­ta and then the sys­tem runs as many or as few of the tasks as need­ed, in what­ev­er or­der it deems bet­ter.

Examples

Put that way it looks scary and com­plex but it's some­thing so sim­ple al­most ev­ery pro­gram­mer has ran in­to a tool based on this prin­ci­ple:

make

When you create a Makefile, you declare a number of "targets", "dependencies" and "commands" (among other things) and then when you run make a_target it's make who decides which of those commands need to run, how and when.

Let's con­sid­er a more com­plex ex­am­ple: a stat­ic site gen­er­a­tor.

Usu­al­ly, these take a col­lec­tion of mark­down files with meta­da­ta such as ti­tle, date, tags, etc, and use that to pro­duce a col­lec­tion of HTML and oth­er files that con­sti­tute a web­site.

Now, let's con­sid­er it from the POV of dataflow pro­gram­ming with a sim­pli­fied ver­sion that on­ly takes mark­down files as in­puts and builds a "blog" out of them.

For each post in a file foo.md there will be a /foo.html.

But if that file has tags tag1 and tag2, then the contents of that file will affect the output files /tags/tag1.html and /tags/tag2.html

And if one of those tags is new, then it will affect tags/index.html

And if the post itself is new, then it will be in /index.html

And al­so in a RSS feed. And the RSS feeds for the tags!

As you can see, adding or mod­i­fy­ing a file can trig­ger a cas­cade of changes in the site.

Which you can mod­el as dataflow.

That's the ap­proach used by Niko­la, a stat­ic site gen­er­a­tor I wrote. Be­cause it's im­ple­ment­ed as dataflow, it can build on­ly what's need­ed, which in most cas­es is just a tiny frag­ment of the whole site.

That is done via doit an awe­some tool more peo­ple should know about, be­cause a lot more peo­ple should know about dataflow pro­gram­ming it­self.

So, what is Croupier?

It's a li­brary for dataflow pro­gram­ming in the Crys­tal lan­guage I am writ­ing!

Here's an ex­am­ple of it in use, from the doc­s, which should be self­-­ex­plana­to­ry if you have a pass­ing knowl­edge of Crys­tal or Ruby:

require "croupier"

b1 = ->{
  puts "task1 running"
  File.read("input.txt").downcase
}

Croupier::Task.new(
  name: "task1",
  output: "fileA",
  inputs: ["input.txt"],
  proc: b1
)

b2 = ->{
  puts "task2 running"
  File.read("fileA").upcase
}
Croupier::Task.new(
  name: "task2",
  output: "fileB",
  inputs: ["fileA"],
  proc: b2
)

Croupier::Task.run_tasks

Why?

Be­cause I want to write a fast SSG in Crys­tal, and be­cause dataflow pro­gram­ming is (to me) a fun­da­men­tal tool in my tool­kit.

Anything else?

I will prob­a­bly al­so do a sim­ple make-­like just as a play­ground for Croupi­er.


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